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Who is God?
February 1, 2014
By Nitai Prem Dasa
Who is God?
This question has troubled mankind for ages. For some God is just light, for some God is the all powerful entity and for some God is the most attractive personality. Nonetheless, the question about God always has hundreds and thousands of opinions by different people based on their experience, upbringing and even travels. However, to get the right answer we must dig deep into the authorized manuals or scriptures which have information about God. Just like when you buy an appliance all information about the appliance would be there in the user's manual, similarly, information about God is contained in the Holy Scriptures.
The Vedas and the supplementary of Vedas like the Puranas and the Upanishads have detailed information about God. They give information about his nature, his personality, his form, his abode, his pasttimes and his various names.
Parashar Muni, The father of Veda Vyasa who compiled the Vedas, clearly explains who is God and what makes God qualified to be called God. He explains, that one who is complete with the following six features is God. They are: Knowledge, Wealth, Beauty, Power, Fame and Renunciation. All the vedic literatures point towards Krishna as that personality, who is full with these features and hence is God.
As explained in the Caitanya-caritamrita (Adi. 2.106), Lord Krishna is the original primeval Lord, the source of all other expansions. All the revealed scriptures accept Sri Krishna as the Supreme Lord. Furthermore (Cc.Adi 2.24-26), it goes on to relate that Lord Krishna Himself is the one undivided Absolute Truth and ultimate reality. He manifests in three features, namely the Brahman (all-pervading spiritual energy), Paramatma (Supersoul in all beings) and Bhagavan (the Supreme Personality).
As it is said, krsnas tu bhagavan svayam (Bhagavata Purana 1.3.28), Krishna is the source of all other incarnations and forms of God. He is the ultimate and end of all Truth and philosophical enquiry, the goal or end result of Vedanta. He is the all-attractive personality and source of all pleasure for which we are always hankering. He is the origin from which everything else manifests. He is the unlimited source of all power, wealth, fame, beauty, wisdom, and renunciation. Thus, no one is greater than Him. Since Krishna is the source of all living beings, He is also considered the Supreme Father and source of all worlds. He is shown with a blue or blackish complexion. This represents absolute, pure consciousness, which also is unconditional love. Krishna is the embodiment of love. He is also sat-chit-ananda vigraha, which means the form of eternal knowledge and bliss, which we are all seeking.
The reason why the Lord is called “Krishna” is explained in a book known as the Sri Caitanya Upanishad, which is connected with the Atharva-veda. In verse twelve it is explained: “These three names of the Supreme Lord (Hari, Krishna and Rama) may be explained in the following way: (1) ‘Hari’ means ‘He who unties [harati] the knot of material desire in the hearts of the living entities’; (2) ‘Krishna’ is divided into two syllables ‘krish’ and ‘na’. ‘Krish’ means ‘He who attracts the minds of all living entities’, and ‘na’ means ‘the supreme transcendental pleasure’. These two syllables combine to become the name ‘Krishna’; and (3) ‘Rama’ means ‘He who delights [ramayati] all living entities’, and it also means ‘He who is full of transcendental bliss’. The maha-mantra consists of the repetition of these names of the Supreme Lord.” In this way, Krishna’s names represent His character and qualities, which, in this case, means the greatest, all-attractive transcendental pleasure.
In this age of Kali (Kaliyug) the recommended process for pleasing or attaining God is by chanting his holy names. The lord has invested all his potencies in his name and when we chant the names of the Lord we are directly associating with Him. The Lord has various names, However one can easily attain the mercy of the Lord by chanting: